Many people, who attempt to spiritualize everything, have no idea what “spiritual” actually means.

If the truth were known, their understanding of what is “spiritual” is actually an ideology in their carnal mind.

God, who is a Spirit, created all things including man, and it was all very good.

And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. ~ Genesis 1:31

For thus saith the Lord that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the Lord; and there is none else. ~ Isaiah 45:18

God gave man dominion over the good works of his hands.

And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. ~ Genesis 1:28

What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. O Lord our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! ~ Psalm 8:4-9

The works of God’s hands over which he has given man dominion is his creation in this physical world. It is not some “spiritual aura” floating around. It is God’s very good creation that he delights in.

According to the author of the book of Hebrews, the world to come is after the very same order of creation. The author of Hebrews appeals to the text above from Psalm 8 to establish this truth.

For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man that thou visitest him? Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. ~ Hebrews 2:5-9

In contrast to angels not having dominion in the world to come, the writer of Hebrews appeals to the Old Testament scriptures which declares that God has given man dominion over the works of his hands.

The works of God’s hands have not changed. It is still God’s good creation which shall be brought back to it’s original state under the leadership of Christ, when he comes again.

Because of sin, death and darkness have ravished God’s good creation. In Christ it will be completely restored.


Jesus came in the flesh and redeemed us with his precious blood through the offering of his body for our sins.

After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to his disciples and said the following: Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. ~ Luke 24:39

The writer of Hebrews tells us that Jesus took on flesh and blood to redeem us.

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. ~ Hebrews 2:14-16

Notice in contrast to the nature of angels, the author of Hebrews tells us that Jesus took on the seed of Abraham.

What is the nature of angels in contrast to the seed of Abraham?

The answer is found in chapter 1, where the writer of Hebrews is citing for the Old Testament, and showing the greatness of God’s Son in comparison to the angels.

And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. ~ Hebrews 1:7

Angels are spirits. However, Jesus, the Son of God, came in the flesh as the seed of Abraham.

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. ~ John 1:14

And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. ~ 1 Timothy 3:16

The words, justified in the spirit, in 1 Timothy 3:16 (above) actually mean: “vindicated in the spirit,” or “declared righteous.”

Jesus is the the last Adam. He is the one who gave his life to save us from our sins and restore creation.

In the book of Romans, Paul tells us that all creation is eagerly awaiting the manifestation of the sons of God,

For the earnest expectation of the creature (creation) waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. For the creature (creation) was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature (creation) itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. ~ Romans 8:19 -21

What is the manifestation of the Sons of God?

It is the the people of God inhabiting this created world when Christ comes again. Jesus, who is our Lord, conquered death through his resurrection, and his people shall experience the same, and when he comes again, and all of creation will be delivered for the grip of death.

Jesus who died and rose again, is not only the last Adam, but he is also the creator who of that which the first man, Adam, gave over to death.

Jesus is the creator, and the redeemer of it.

In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. ~ Colossians 1:14-20


The real danger of the Hebrew Roots theology is that is undermines the person of Jesus Christ.

The Hebrew Roots teachers along with their followers claim to be “Torah observant” and in doing so, they claim to keep the feasts given to Israel under Moses. Yet, the Hebrew Roots followers fail to understand the role of the Law in the Biblical narrative.

While the Law is a very in depth topic, there are some easy to follow guidelines that can help any person, willing to learn, have a better understanding of the Law, and avoid the errors taught by the Hebrew Roots advocates.

The Law was comprised of the following:

  1. The moral laws contained in the Ten Commandments.
  2. The Ceremonial laws for worship.
  3. The civil laws governing the everyday lives of the people as citizens of Israel.

The feast of Passover fell under the category of the ceremonial laws which governed Israel’s worship of God.

Since the Law was Israel’s covenant, Gentiles were not permitted to participate in the ceremonial observances of the Israelites. When God gave Moses the instructions regarding the keeping of the Passover, he made it very clear that only those who were circumcised were allowed partake of the Passover.

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal. But any slave who has been purchased may eat it if he has been circumcised…“If there are foreigners living among you who want to celebrate the Lord’s Passover, let all their males be circumcised. Only then may they celebrate the Passover with you like any native-born Israelite. But no uncircumcised male may ever eat the Passover meal. This instruction applies to everyone, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner living among you.” ~ Exodus 12:43-44; 48-49 TNLT

According to Paul, physical circumcision no longer has any value with regards to being in covenant with God, and the system of law with its commandments and regulations under which Israel was to serve God, has been abolished by the death of Christ on the cross.

To insist that Gentiles are to keep the Passover which Israel was given under the law is to insist that physical circumcision is still relevant with regards to being in covenant with God. It is not.

Secondly, you cannot keep the Passover which Israel kept without animal sacrifices (Exodus 34:25. Leviticus 23:5-8, Numbers 9, Deuteronomy 16). Now that Jesus has died and been raised again, animal sacrifices are no longer accepted by God because they only served as a foreshadowing until Christ. Offering animal sacrifices now that Christ has died and risen again, would be apostate.

Thirdly, after Israel entered the Promised land, the Passover was to be observed at the place which God chose within the boarders of the land of Israel.

Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee: But at the place which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt. ~ Deuteronomy 16:5-6

The place chosen by God eventually became Jerusalem. The Biblical narrative reveals this.

One cannot keep the Passover according the instruction contained in the Law if he isn’t in Jerusalem. Earthly Jerusalem is no longer the city of the people of God. The heavenly Jerusalem is.

The problem with the hermeneutics of the Hebrew Roots Movement is that they make up their own rules regarding the Law. Their interpretation of the Law is not Biblical.

You cannot make up your own rules and think you are keeping the Passover given to Israel, If you are not observing Passover according to the instructions given to Israel under the Law, you are not being Torah Observant.

If you do not follow the instructions given to Israel, you are not keeping the Passover given to Israel. Instead, you are reinventing the Law, and in doing so, you are violating the law.

Those who are truly “Torah Observant” follow New Testament doctrine, for the Law served as the school Master to lead us to Christ.

The Law is fulfilled in Jesus, and he is our Passover. We keep the Passover under the New Covenant by faith in his blood and by living a godly life. This is what God desires from his people: pure hearts and godly lives.

Under the Law the appointed feasts given to Israel, served as a foreshadowing of Christ. For example: Passover, Unleavened bread, and first-fruits foreshadowed the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Passover was on the 14th day (at evening) of first month which was Nisan 14 (or Abib 14). The next day was the 15th day and the beginning of seven days of unleavened bread. This day was also a Sabbath, and the next Sabbath was not until seven days later. On the 16th day of Nisan or Abib was the feast of first-fruits. There was only one day between Passover and first-fruits and that was the Sabbath of unleavened bread.

Jesus was crucified on Passover, the 14th day. His body rested in the tomb on the Sabbath of unleavened bread (the 15th day), He was raised from the dead on the 16th day of the first month, fulfilling the first-fruits.

In the same way that Paul describes Jesus as our Passover in 1 Corinthians 5:7, he describes Jesus as the first-fruits of the resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15. In Colossians 2, Paul tells us that the feast days were only shadows of Christ.

Jesus is the one to whom the Passover under the Law, pointed, and with circumcised hearts we serve him in sincerity and in truth, rejoicing in him, for it was his blood that redeemed us and not the blood of an animal.

Jesus is our Passover!