The real danger of the Hebrew Roots theology is that is undermines the person of Jesus Christ.

The Hebrew Roots teachers along with their followers claim to be “Torah observant” and in doing so, they claim to keep the feasts given to Israel under Moses. Yet, the Hebrew Roots followers fail to understand the role of the Law in the Biblical narrative.

While the Law is a very in depth topic, there are some easy to follow guidelines that can help any person, willing to learn, have a better understanding of the Law, and avoid the errors taught by the Hebrew Roots advocates.

The Law was comprised of the following:

  1. The moral laws contained in the Ten Commandments.
  2. The Ceremonial laws for worship.
  3. The civil laws governing the everyday lives of the people as citizens of Israel.

The feast of Passover fell under the category of the ceremonial laws which governed Israel’s worship of God.

Since the Law was Israel’s covenant, Gentiles were not permitted to participate in the ceremonial observances of the Israelites. When God gave Moses the instructions regarding the keeping of the Passover, he made it very clear that only those who were circumcised were allowed partake of the Passover.

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal. But any slave who has been purchased may eat it if he has been circumcised…“If there are foreigners living among you who want to celebrate the Lord’s Passover, let all their males be circumcised. Only then may they celebrate the Passover with you like any native-born Israelite. But no uncircumcised male may ever eat the Passover meal. This instruction applies to everyone, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner living among you.” ~ Exodus 12:43-44; 48-49 TNLT

According to Paul, physical circumcision no longer has any value with regards to being in covenant with God, and the system of law with its commandments and regulations under which Israel was to serve God, has been abolished by the death of Christ on the cross.

To insist that Gentiles are to keep the Passover which Israel was given under the law is to insist that physical circumcision is still relevant with regards to being in covenant with God. It is not.

Secondly, you cannot keep the Passover which Israel kept without animal sacrifices (Exodus 34:25. Leviticus 23:5-8, Numbers 9, Deuteronomy 16). Now that Jesus has died and been raised again, animal sacrifices are no longer accepted by God because they only served as a foreshadowing until Christ. Offering animal sacrifices now that Christ has died and risen again, would be apostate.

Thirdly, after Israel entered the Promised land, the Passover was to be observed at the place which God chose within the boarders of the land of Israel.

Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee: But at the place which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt. ~ Deuteronomy 16:5-6

The place chosen by God eventually became Jerusalem. The Biblical narrative reveals this.

One cannot keep the Passover according the instruction contained in the Law if he isn’t in Jerusalem. Earthly Jerusalem is no longer the city of the people of God. The heavenly Jerusalem is.

The problem with the hermeneutics of the Hebrew Roots Movement is that they make up their own rules regarding the Law. Their interpretation of the Law is not Biblical.

You cannot make up your own rules and think you are keeping the Passover given to Israel, If you are not observing Passover according to the instructions given to Israel under the Law, you are not being Torah Observant.

If you do not follow the instructions given to Israel, you are not keeping the Passover given to Israel. Instead, you are reinventing the Law, and in doing so, you are violating the law.

Those who are truly “Torah Observant” follow New Testament doctrine, for the Law served as the school Master to lead us to Christ.

The Law is fulfilled in Jesus, and he is our Passover. We keep the Passover under the New Covenant by faith in his blood and by living a godly life. This is what God desires from his people: pure hearts and godly lives.

Under the Law the appointed feasts given to Israel, served as a foreshadowing of Christ. For example: Passover, Unleavened bread, and first-fruits foreshadowed the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Passover was on the 14th day (at evening) of first month which was Nisan 14 (or Abib 14). The next day was the 15th day and the beginning of seven days of unleavened bread. This day was also a Sabbath, and the next Sabbath was not until seven days later. On the 16th day of Nisan or Abib was the feast of first-fruits. There was only one day between Passover and first-fruits and that was the Sabbath of unleavened bread.

Jesus was crucified on Passover, the 14th day. His body rested in the tomb on the Sabbath of unleavened bread (the 15th day), He was raised from the dead on the 16th day of the first month, fulfilling the first-fruits.

In the same way that Paul describes Jesus as our Passover in 1 Corinthians 5:7, he describes Jesus as the first-fruits of the resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15. In Colossians 2, Paul tells us that the feast days were only shadows of Christ.

Jesus is the one to whom the Passover under the Law, pointed, and with circumcised hearts we serve him in sincerity and in truth, rejoicing in him, for it was his blood that redeemed us and not the blood of an animal.

Jesus is our Passover!





  1. Pingback: WHY DID PAUL TELL THE CORINTHIANS TO KEEP THE PASSOVER? | Rooted and Grounded In Christ

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