Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die. The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man? Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them. But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him: That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God. Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me. And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak. ~ John 12: 32-50
The reason Jesus was crucified was his claim to be the Son of God. Jesus was not crucified because of his miracles, he was not crucified because of his healings. He was not crucified because he claimed to be a prophet or a righteous man. Jesus was crucified because he claimed God was his Father.
Everyone who had a hand in condemning Jesus to death, rejected him as the Son of God, and were afterwards called to repent, specifically for their condemnation of him. Everyone who believed Jesus is the Son of God, even though they were in despair at his death, rejoiced and were changed by the news of his resurrection. The resurrection not only vindicated Jesus, but it also vindicated everyone who had believed in him and had set their hope in him.
According to Jesus, the works which he had done from the Father were a greater witness than even the testimony of John the Baptist. But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me… John 5:36
In John 10:25, Jesus told the Jews who wanted to stone him, the works that I do in my Father’s name, they bear witness of me. He then said, If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him. ~ John 10:38-39
Privately, Jesus said to his disciples, Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works‘ sake. ~ John 14:10 -11
In everything he said and did, Jesus proved he was the Son of God, including his death. All the works which Jesus did, he did in the name of his Father (John 10:25) and just prior to laying down his life, he prayed; Father, glorify thy name. In response to this prayer the Father answered: I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again ~ John 12:28. By this, the Father was speaking of the works he had already done through his Son, and the work he was about to accomplish through his death and resurrection.
The works which Jesus did in his Father’s name testified of him that he is the Messiah sent by God and when he said from the cross, it is finished, he was literally speaking of the works which the Father had given to him to accomplish, for the cross was the climax of the work which the Father sent him to do (see John 19:28-30).
When Jesus spoke of his death and his relationship with the Father in view of his death, he never used the language of being punished, condemned, or rejected by God. He only spoke of it in terms of glorifying God and God being glorified in him.
And after the sop Satan entered into him (Judas Iscariot). Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night. Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him. ~ John 13:27-32
God being glorified in the Son is the language of the Father’s involvement in the cross from the mouth of Jesus!
The message of the gospel is that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God in whom and through whom God is glorified. He is the holy One, and the just One. He is the one that God has chosen. Those who condemned Jesus did so because they hated him and hated God who sent him. Jesus was betrayed into their hands by Judas Iscariot after Satan entered Judas (see John 13). God was not conspiring with Judas (for it had been better for Judas to have never been born than to betray Jesus). God was not conspiring with the unbelieving leaders of Israel because Jesus said to them, now is your hour and the power of darkness ~ Lk 22:53.
The language of God’s involvement in the death of Jesus was God being glorified in his Son. God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself (2 Co 5:18). And by the grace of God, Jesus tasted death for every person. (Heb 2:9). The Father gave his Son the power to endure the sufferings of the cross at the hands of sinful men, to bring an end to the first covenant so that a new covenant could be established by his blood. All who believe that God raised him from death, believe the testimony that Jesus is the Son of God and are justified from all things.